We see the world with two eyes. But then why do we see a single image instead of two?
This is known as binocular vision. Our brain takes two distinct visual messages from our eyes and combines them to form one 3D vision.
This process requires coordination between the eyes, the brain and the optic nerve.
But sometimes, the eyes fall out of sync and they don’t work as well together as they should. This gives rise to vision problems such as focus issues or double vision.
If your optometrist finds that your eyes aren’t playing like a team, they’ll include a prism correction in your prescription lenses to give you a more comfortable vision.
What is double vision?
You may feel double vision when you’re under the weather or after you’ve had one too many. While double vision in these instances may resolve on its own, if it’s due to an underlying condition, the problem can be permanent.
There are 12 muscles responsible for generating all eye movements.
When something is wrong with any of these muscles, your eyes fail to coordinate and you see two of everything.
Also, if the vision isn’t developed completely in one eye, your brain shuts down messages from that eye which causes it to weaken further leading to the lazy eye condition.
What are prism glasses?
Prism glasses are a type of prescription glasses used to correct double vision or diplopia. These glasses work by bending the light in a way that it falls on the same point in each retina.
Prism glasses can provide clear and stable vision to people with diplopia. The prism correction in the lenses fuse the two images together and resolves the problem.
Your optometrist may prescribe prism glasses if you experience:
- Frequent headaches
- Strabismus or crossed eyes
- Eye fatigue from close up work
Prism glasses are generally used in the case of eye movement problems such as strabismus. A stroke, diabetes or a head injury can damage the muscles that control eye movements causing double vision.
These glasses have prism lenses that refract light so it falls on the same spot on both retinas even if the eyes are misaligned.
In some cases, these glasses are also used to correct monocular diplopia - a double vision that happens in only one eye or when only one eye is open. This problem is generally caused due to corneal abrasions.
How do prism glasses work?
To give you the clearest vision, your cornea filters the light and properly focus it on the retina in both eyes.
Even when refractive errors such as nearsightedness or farsightedness, the light is focused on the same but wrong area in both your retinas which give you a rather blurry vision.
When your eyes are misaligned, the cornea filters light properly but the misalignment causes it to fall on different spots onto the retinas. Thus, each eye sends a different image to your brain causing double vision.
Prism glasses help in this situation by refracting light and focusing it on the same place in both the retinas. This helps your brain to produce a single image and give you a clear vision.
To get the best vision from your prism glasses, your prescription needs to be up to date. So, if you haven’t had an eye test in a while, you need to schedule one first. You can get a free eye test from us as well to get your eye and prism prescription.
Are prism glasses costly?
Prescription glasses are costly in general if you buy from high street stores. But, at Specscart, you can find good-quality glasses that are low in cost and high in fashion.
Talking of prism glasses, the cost depends on various factors including the lens type and power. But, if your prescription has prism correction, you can get glasses from us and we’ll incorporate the prism correction into your lenses.
The good thing is that since these glasses are prescribed, they are counted as FSA or HSA eligible expenses and are covered by vision insurance.
Can prism glasses cause side effects?
Even when you wear prism glasses, you can come across problems such as double vision, eye pain and headaches.
If you’re thinking that these are the side effects of your prism glasses, you should have a word with your eye doctor.
The biggest and most possible reasons behind this problem are either an expired prescription or misaligned lenses. Sometimes, when you’re using your glasses regularly, the lenses can get out of place which can be fixed by readjusting them.
Make sure your prescription is up to date to prevent any vision-related problems from your prism glasses.
What do prism glasses look like?
Prism glasses look the same as prescription glasses. However, it’s normal that one lens is thicker than the other. If this is a problem with you, you should choose thick designer glasses frames to cover the edges of the lenses.
Your glasses will have your normal prescription and the prism prescription will be added to the lenses. The prescription depends on the type of double vision you experience - oblique, horizontal or vertical.
You don’t have to wear these glasses unless it’s prescribed by your eye doctor. If you use prism lenses and still experience double vision, contact your eye doctor immediately.