A hyphema is an eye condition where the collection or pooling of blood takes place inside the eye’s anterior chamber. As a result, it often leads to vision blockage, discomfort and some vision problems such as light sensitivity.
Individuals get exposed to hyphema due to trauma and various other medical conditions. Whereas the chances of dealing with permanent vision loss are less, it isn’t impossible. Since hyphema comes with long-term repercussions, seeking prompt treatment is extremely mandatory. Starting from home remedies to prescription medications, one can opt for extensive treatment methods to combat the given situation.
Also, hyphema treatment heavily depends on various other factors like the patient’s age, their ability to tolerate medications and the severity level of the eye injury. If you don’t address your eye condition, it will eventually lead to bigger risk factors and complications. All you need to do is get in touch with an optometrist and allow them to perform a proper screening. Hyphema can be diagnosed- however, they should be detected in the first place.
To learn more about the causes, symptoms, diagnosis and treatment, take a quick look at this blog right away. Dig deeper without any further delay.
What are the symptoms of hyphema?
Let’s focus on the signs and symptoms that indicate hyphema:
Hyphema results in visual disturbance and vision changes- of course the degree of hyphema matters to a great extent in determining visual disturbance. If you have pupillary obstruction, you will be only able to detect some amount of light or identify hand movements.
In hyphema, the aqueous humour is replaced with blood- which eventually leads to bloody eyes. Make sure to book an online appointment in the initial stage- the eye specialists will let you know about the sizable hyphema.
In hyphema, blood in your anterior chamber causes pressure and irritation. It gives rise to unnecessary eye pain after a certain point in time.
Also referred to as photophobia, light sensitivity might end up hurting your eyes and causing headaches. If too much light exposure triggers your eye health, contact a doctor without any further ado.
What Are the Causes of Hyphema?
Speaking of numbers, nearly 70% of hyphemas take place in males aged between 10 to 20. Blunt injuries from the following activities pave the way toward causing hyphema:
- Industrial accidents
- Shooting airsoft guns
Some of the less common hyphema causes are:
- Eye infections from herpes virus
- Eye surgery
- Presence of unusual blood vessels on your iris
- Eye cancers
- Blood clotting issues
Some health conditions pose serious threats to your blood- it can boost the chances of dealing with hyphema:
- Von Willebrand disease
- Sickle cell disease
- Blood-thinning drugs (anticoagulant)
What Are the Complications of Hyphema?
If you don’t opt for appropriate intervention, hyphema can cause a lot of serious complications. Some of them typically include:
- Corneal Blood Staining: Blood retention in your anterior chamber leads to corneal staining along with cloudy vision.
- Glaucoma: Blood clotting in your eyes increases intraocular pressure- it is an evident characteristic of the eye disease known as glaucoma . If you don’t take steps to resolve glaucoma, it can push you toward permanent vision loss.
- Loss of Vision: Non-glaucomatous optic atrophy that results from chronic or transient intraocular pressure elevation causes vision loss (unless it is addressed beforehand and treated properly).
How Can You Diagnose Hyphema?
In order to appear for a hyphema diagnosis, the patient needs to provide their complete medical history. It will help the eye specialists to figure out whether trauma is the reason behind affecting your eyes. They will try to spot the symptoms, thus reaching a conclusion and suggesting proper solutions. Some of the diagnosis methodologies include:
Eye Pressure Examination
Comprehensive Eye Examination
Slit Lamp Test
Tonometry is a test where the pressure level in the eyes is determined. Before starting this process, the doctors choose to numb their patient’s eyes- it reduces discomfort. In this test, a dye, a slit lamp and a machine to read pressure are used.
An eye pressure examination allows the optometrist to understand whether the pressure level is normal or abnormal. It is a great way to learn about hyphema complications.4
A comprehensive eye examination helps to determine an individual’s ability to observe and see things. You can book a free eye-test slot with us and hop into our stores (Walkden, Bury, Urmston).
A slit lamp test is performed to look inside the eyes. In this process, the doctor relies on a combination of magnification and bright light. Assessing the internal structures of the eyes is easier now.
If hyphema is caused due to trauma, a CT scan is performed to learn whether the eye socket is fractured or not.
How Can You Treat Hyphema?
Mild hyphema takes one week to heal. In such cases, you can opt for pain medication that doesn’t have aspirin in it. Now, you might wonder what’s wrong with aspirin. Well, it can increase bleeding and thin the blood.
Before treating hyphema, the eye doctor needs to consider certain factors mentioned below in this blog:
- The injury and its severity
- Your medical history, age and overall health condition
- Personal preference or opinion
- Your tolerance level for certain medications
- Eye drops
- Complete bed rest
- Patch over the eyes that are affected and hurt
- Limited eye movement- you need to stop reading texts
- Check your eye pressure on a regular basis
After collecting this information, the doctor will be able to figure out the best treatment method which might include:
If you are wondering about hyphema prevention, sports glasses and sunglasses can be of great help. These eyewear accessories take care of your eyes while you choose to get hold of the trophy. Keep eye injuries at bay with high-quality glasses and prevent hyphema.