Eye emergency that causes pain, swelling, discomfort and sometimes bleeding must be taken care of immediately. And that should be done by a medical professional, if eye emergency care is not possible without risk-free methods to cure them at home ourselves.
This article covers details about the kinds and possibilities of eye emergency and lets you know how to get them treated. Stay tuned and make notes if you must as we help you understand eye emergencies today!
How Do You Know It’s an Eye Emergency
Injuries that can cause any eye emergency to have quite many symptoms that you must look out for. If you find more than 2 or 3 true for your case or just feel uncomfortable with the issue, you must check in with your eye doctor and let them know of the problem as soon as possible.
The symptoms of eye injury can be loss of vision, a constant burning or stinging sensation, or bruises around the eye. your pupils might not look the same size. You might feel uncomfortable moving your eyes to look around. In some cases, one eye may not move as smoothly as the other. One eye may even bulge or stick out unusually.
Apart from these, you may experience unbearable eye pain with redness and irritation as well. If you also observe double vision (when you see two images instead of one) or decreased vision, too, you ought to visit a doctor and let him know of the issue.
If you have photophobia ( sensitivity towards light) that is causing pain or irritation, the doctor may prescribe you eyeglasses that help against this sensitivity for a temporary solution until they figure out the best one for you.
Severe and intolerable headaches are also one of the most common symptoms of eye injury. That’s because any such injury affects the nerves that are directly connected to the head and thus cause the pain if something’s wrong.
In some extreme emergencies, you may notice bleeding from the eye or blood in the white part of your eye. You may experience discharge and severe itching in the eyes as well.
Beware of sudden vision loss and swellings along with bleeding. In such cases, do not wait. Go and visit your doctor for expert help.
What Are the Most Common Possible Eye Emergencies?
Of all the possible eye emergency kinds, here are the top ones that you need to be aware of.
1. Black Eyes
What is a black eye? Imagine a boxer’s eye. He who has been bumped hard on the face with a dark patch below his eye. Yes, that’s a black eye. The issue is caused by trauma, maybe one like a punch or getting hit by a ball or a similar accident. There are other causes as well. For example, you may have had a skull fracture, sinus infection, dental surgery or tooth infection. Other reasons can be cosmetic eye surgeries, or facelift and nasal surgery.
The trauma caused by such things results in a swelling or a bruise as the blood vessels beneath your eyes break and the blood starts leaking into your skin tissue. This leaking of blood into the skin tissue is what causes the blackness. Although, it gets healed within two to three weeks, what you need to be aware of though, is that many times, the cause of the black eye is unknown.
In that case, the condition of the black eye becomes an eye emergency that you must not take lightly. So, make sure to visit a good doctor as soon as you notice you have a black eye or any of those eye emergency symptoms mentioned above. For instance, you may notice blood on the eyeball, blurry vision etc.
To prevent it in the first place, it is best to wear protective eyeglasses.
2. Stuck Foreign Object in the Eye
Foreign objects in the eye can be of many types and you may often need eye emergency care if you get any such particle in your eye. The objects can be eyelashes, fibre from your clothes, preservatives from your makeup, dust, dirt, glass shards, metal particles, contact lenses, etc.
You might rethink contact lenses. After all, they don’t enter our eyes by chance like the others. Yet, they are a foreign object that is not very safe for our eyes if not handled properly. The contacts block the oxygen flow to the eyes and lead to dryness which can be irritating and you might need eye emergency care.
3. Chemical Injuries
Chemicals can cause burns and damage your cornea permanently. Now in case you are wondering how on earth you will get chemicals in your eyes, allow us to tell you there are numerous ways. Some fumes, aerosols, and garden chemicals may cause chemical burns. Your daily use cleaning products may also have chemicals that might enter your eyes through the air or some accident. Maybe you reside near an industrial area or work in an industry, then the chemicals used there have a better chance of entering your eyes and leading to harm.
Some alkaline products like lye, sodium hydroxide, drain cleaners, magnesium, lime (cement or plaster) etc. may even cause permanent damage to your eyes.
Acid burns, although, less severe than alkali ones, can also lead to damage. They can be caused by acids like nitric acid, chromic acid, hydrochloric acid, acetic acid, sulfuric acid, hydrofluoric acid, and sulfurous acid.
The parts that can be most affected are the cornea (the clear layer in front of the lens), the conjunctiva (the layer that covers the white region of the eye) and the lens itself that is responsible for our vision. Severe injuries may lead to cataracts or glaucoma that also require eye emergency care.
4. Corneal Abrasion
A scratch on the cornea (the front clear layer on your eye lens) can be healed within a couple of days naturally. However, it is usually caused by a foreign object in the eye. And if the foreign object isn’t removed on time, the cornea might get damaged. There are other causes of corneal abrasions as well. Say you get an eye infection, or wear dirty or ill-fitting contact lenses.
Maybe you had surgery without complete protection on your eyes or you have outworn your contact lenses. Or maybe you or someone just mistakenly poked something in your eye, say a pen tip, fingernail or makeup/paintbrush.
In any scenario, you must visit the doctor immediately if you feel any of the eye emergency symptoms like pain, redness, tearing, blurred vision or a feeling of having something in your eye. The doctor will find the root cause of your corneal abrasion and get rid of it for you to stop more damage from happening. Once the root cause is fixed, the scratch will heal itself in a few days.
Eye Emergency Care - Prevention and Treatment
So, what if you encounter any of the above eye emergencies? What to do?
The first step is to try to relieve yourself of the pain and in case it’s a foreign object, chemical injury, or corneal abrasion, you need to pick some harmless techniques that you can do at home without furthering the damage.
We’ll come to these steps in a while, but please note, if these steps don’t work, it’s a sign that the issue is more problematic. So, do not try any risky techniques, just go straight to your doctor and get expert help.
Make sure not to do the following things:
- Do not rub your eyes.
- Do not touch your eyes with dirty hands. Use soap and water to clean your hands first.
- Do not use any ointments or medicine without being prescribed by the doctor.
- In case any foreign object is stuck in your eye, do not use any tools like tweezers to remove the particle yourself.
- Do not take off your contact lenses if you wear them. That might worsen the condition.
What to do?
In the case of a black eye, use a cold compress and then warm compress on the eyes to relieve the pain and the swelling.
In the case of chemical injuries, rinse your eyes as much as you can. How to do this? Just turn your head to one side under a tap with fresh water. Keep the affected eye towards the side bottom and let the water rinse it through. You can do the same in the shower as well. Yet, do go and visit the eye emergency care centre to get proper treatment.
For foreign particles stuck in the eye, try to blink your eyes, again and again, to make the particle fall out. If that doesn’t help, put your eye in a flat plate of water and blink your eye in there. You can also use artificial tear eye drops to help the particle flush out with ease. If it can’t be removed, make sure to visit the doctor.
If something as big as glass or metal is stuck in your eye, that can lead to corneal abrasion. So, do not touch your eye. Go straight to the specialist who will remove the object for you.
Speed up Healing
While your eyes heal, be it for black eyes i.e, 2 to 3 weeks. Or be it for corneal abrasions or foreign objects in the eye that is for 2 to 3 days, make sure to protect your eyes from other harmful aspects. For instance, the sun and its harmful rays, blue light, and even glare. That’s important because your eyes during the healing stage are quite sensitive to light and may feel severe pain due to such things.
So, if you protect your eyes against the sun’s UV rays, blue light and glare, you will help speed up the process of healing.
Nevertheless, whether or not you have an eye emergency or injury that is healing, you must look into protection against these things. That’s because the ill-effects of the sun and blue light can eventually cause eye diseases like age-related macular degeneration, cataract, glaucoma etc.
Blue light can even lead to insomnia. And it can raise the chances of having diabetes and obesity. While UV light can lead to diseases like pterygium and cancer of the eyelid.
To save yourself from all these things, you ought to opt for protection. And this protection can be ensured with the help of the right eyewear.
For instance, if you spend most of your time outdoors in the sun, you can opt for Specscart’s UV400 sunglasses. These shield your eyes from both UVA and UVB rays unlike many other sunglasses available in the market.
If you have prescriptions, you can choose prescription sunglasses or photochromic lenses in your glasses. Photochromic lenses are also called transition lenses. They are built with advanced technology that absorbs UV light and darkens the tint of the glasses when you are out in the sun. This way your eyes stay protected from the sun. And when you come back indoors, the tint clears up and changes back into regular glasses which help you see clearly when you are indoors.
The best thing is that these photochromic lenses will also save you from UV light that’s indoors. Yes, UV light is all around us and harms us continuously - the slow and steady way.
For blue light, you can opt for anti-blue light glasses which are made with Specscart’s advanced X-blue lenses. The lenses protect you against the harmful effects of blue light that cause blurry vision, eye strains, headaches, dry eyes, insomnia and other issues.
Do not worry about glare and UV light, if you use Specscart’s glasses. That’s because these eyeglasses have fully loaded lenses with anti-glare, anti-UV and scratch-resistant coatings that save you from a lot of trouble. And guess what? These are completely free of cost.
When it comes to free services, we at Specscart try to be generous to serve our customers with the best possibilities. That’s why we also offer a 7 day free home trial to try 4 frames at the comfort of your home. If you can visit the store, we will also provide a free comprehensive eye test. Apart from that, you get completely free shipping worldwide with no questions asked in case you wish to return the product.
Furthermore, most glasses are dispatched within 24 hours of receiving the order, so in case of an emergency, you can rely on us to get your glasses quickly for you.
Haven’t bought any glasses from Specscart yet? Why miss the chance of getting your ensemble a fast fashion accessory at such affordable rates? That too, while protecting your eyes from all kinds of demons. Go and get a pair today!